5 Key Takeaways for the Netherlands: Atomico State of European Tech 2020 Report

What has 2020 brought to the Dutch tech ecosystem? What are the learnings we can take to 2021? We have summarised the key trends and data insights from the Atomico State of European Tech 2020 Report in relation to the Netherlands.

Key trends on a European level

  • European tech has undeniably been a net beneficiary of the shift to digital. Total investment is projected to exceed a record $41B in 2020, driven by an increase in $100-250M “megarounds”.
  • Climate action accounts for roughly 29% of all capital invested in purpose-driven tech companies since 2016 cumulatively. Capital invested in Climate action has grown from $4,154M in 2016-2018 to $6.845M in 2019-2020;
  • Nearly half of founders who responded to Atomico’s survey said they found it harder to get funding, alongside the challenges of pivoting their products and declining sales. 
  • Yet many European companies have continued to rapidly scale. We now have 115 VC-backed companies valued at over $1B. 

A drop in capital investment

Despite a highly volatile macroeconomic climate and the uncertainty created by the global pandemic, the European tech ecosystem has been resilient throughout 2020. The strength of investment since September - an all-time record month for Europe - has been remarkable, leaving the chance for 2020 to set a new record once again.


Looking at the country-by-country trends, France is the only one of Europe's three largest markets to grow in 2020 (from 4.8B in 2019 to 5.19B in 2020). Despite steady growth since 2016, the Dutch market has seen a decrease of capital investment by $169M in 2020 due to the pandemic. Nevertheless, the final numbers are likely to be higher considering that the 2020 data has been annualised based on the September numbers. For the record, this December we had Catawiki score €150 million in growth funding and Maastricht-based Mosa Meat close Series B funding at around €61.8 million.


Now let’s look at the bigger picture. Before COVID-19, the Netherlands has shown smaller year-by-year and cumulative capital investment numbers since 2016, compared to the UK, Germany, France, and Sweden. For perspective, the Netherlands accounts for a cumulative investment of $5.3B since 2016, compared to $22.8B in Germany and $47.9B in the UK. Therefore, we can argue that the Dutch tech ecosystem can definitely benefit from greater capital investment and smarter capital allocation from big (inter)national funding players.

On the brighter side, the Netherlands is already prospering from the successes of its tech ecosystem. We are ranking first among all European countries by the total market capital of public tech companies based on their headquarters location. This is driven by a small number of very large companies, including Prosus, ASML and Adyen. As a result, 80.4% of the total market cap of public Dutch companies is accounted for by the top three companies with a Dutch HQ. For comparison, the top three public tech companies in the UK account for only 33.8% of total market capital. For a healthier economy with more diversified risks, the current unequal market capital distribution should be evened up across bigger and smaller tech companies.

This way, to be able to even the market cap distribution but also maintain our leading position in the ranking, it is essential to further maximise our support of Dutch tech startups and facilitate the growth of the next generation of unicorns. 

Positive trends in the tech job market

Undoubtedly, COVID-19 has significantly impacted the European tech job market. While in some countries such as Sweden, Denmark and, notably, the US, tech positions declined in volume relative to the broader job market, Spain and the Netherlands have seen an opposite trend.

In 2020, the Netherlands has had a slight increase of 0.1% in tech job postings compared to 2019. This trend might be caused by the importance technology has had in the digitalisation of our work and lives. Moreover, the share of tech job searches in the Netherlands has grown by 18.7% from Oct 2019 to Oct 2020. Such steep growth can well be driven by increased demand from newly-available talent, but most likely reflects an increased interest in tech due to its perceived position as a COVID-19 beneficiary or a relatively safe haven within a challenging job market.

Another positive trend regards the decreased share of tech jobs that are hard to fill. The Netherlands has seen a decrease of 7% from 2019 to 2020. Meanwhile, the share of software engineer job postings classified as hard to fill has also declined by 11.5% from Oct 2019 to Oct 2020. 

The spike in available tech talent creates a positive growth and innovation climate for the Dutch tech companies. As a result, it is important to capitalise on these trends by further shaping an attractive ecosystem to thrive in. To do so our Talent team has been highly focused on running and further developing (inter)national talent programmes, as well as an internal recruitment programme for scaleups which would provide better access to tools and knowledge for successful and more efficient recruitment.

Diversity and inclusion gaps

Though there are various diversity and inclusion gap areas within the Dutch tech ecosystem, we will outline the most striking ones to us. 

Looking at the share of software developers by gender, the Netherlands accounts for a 74% men and 26% women distribution. For comparison, Lithuania has the highest European percentage of women in software development: 35%. On average, there are 3 women software developers for every 10 in Europe.

Arguably an even more striking finding lies in the share of deals that women-only/mixed founding teams have raised in the Netherlands in 2020. After a noteworthy improvement in 2018, the share of rounds women-only founding teams have raised decreased by 1.5% in 2020. The same trend is shared by gender diverse teams with a decrease from 11.5% in 2019 to 11.3% in 2020. 

Therefore, in 2021, it’s of utmost importance to ensure a more gender-equal distribution of capital across the Dutch tech ecosystem. These stats further underline the value of #Fundright as an initiative in creating a more diverse startup ecosystem in the Netherlands. Only through a diverse and inclusive environment, the Dutch tech ecosystem will be able to reach its full potential.


Policy and Regulations - a focus point in 2020

The COVID-19 pandemic, if anything, has facilitated closer collaboration between policymakers and the tech ecosystem. One of the core reasons for such change has to do with technology playing a crucial role in enabling economies to adapt to the realities of virtual living and working.  On that note, #KickstartNL manifesto became an important step towards driving extra attention to the needs of the tech sector and mobilising collaboration between Dutch policymakers, investors, and startups themselves.

On a European scale, the Netherlands got the 5th place in COVID-19 relief programmes (€400M direct loans through RVO, BOM, InvestNL), while France is leading the ranking with a €5.2B COVID-19 response.

In Europe, SMEs play an important role in public procurement. One way governments have supported smaller firms is by introducing COVID-19-specific procurement rules. SMEs are a helpful category to look at, as increased SME spending is likely to benefit tech startups as well.

The Netherlands was recognised among the biggest winners based on estimated SMEs share of the total annual contract value for public healthcare procurement (77% in 2020, compared to 39% in 2019). 


What can we conclude?

2020 has been a year of contrasts for the Dutch tech ecosystem. While it has brought positive changes to the tech jobs market, it has negatively affected the level of capital investment. The hurdles and overall uncertainty of this year have shown us the essential need for:

  • Wider and better access to capital for tech companies;
  • Active nurturing and broadening of the next batch of unicorns;
  • A climate in which the government plays an active role in supporting Dutch tech players by minimising the bureaucratic impediments and creating more aid programmes.
  • A more diverse and inclusive ecosystem across all domains: capital allocation, talent pool, government regulations and policies, etc.

We invite you to read the full ‘The State of European Tech 2020’ report by Atomico and supplement our findings with your own.

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